'ca', unaspirated letters, dentals, linguals
(from pali yahoogroup 1/22/2011)
It is very difficult to pronounce 'ca' by a western tongue, unless it is
through 'listening' and copying. Do not try to find those sounds in
your own language. A westerner would normally pronounce both canda and
chanda as chaandaa, with long vowels. The other areas of difficulty are
unaspirated letters, dentals and linguals, and adjunct consonants.
Therefore, kamma becomes 'khaamaa' Dhamma becomes '.Dhaamaa', 'piti'
becomes 'phi.ti'. The short vowel 'a' becomes 'aa'.
You are right about puffing out the air. The best way to practice, if
there is no one to give you 'sound' to copy is by placing your hand in
front of your mouth while you pronounce. You should feel more gusts
striking your hand than when you pronounce aspirate consonants.
As for 'dvi',the pronunciation is somehow: dwi. Pronounce 'dw' like in
'dwarf'. When you pronounce it, make sure your front part of the tongue,
not just the tip, strikes the root of your upper teeth. It is a dental
unaspirate. Therefore, see that you do not to pronounce it '.dwi'.
garuu (Padaruupasiddhi 6)
When you pronounce words like 'bhikkhu', if you put stress in the vowel
just before conjunct consonant, here 'i', it will be easily pronounced.
Grammatically, it is called garuu (Padaruupasiddhi 6). When you have to
pronounce this type of word, you should consider the nature of pali
alphabets. Pali consonants cannot be pronounced without help of a vowel.
So, that vowel should either be in front of that consonant, or at the
back. For example, In 'chanda' 'ch' will depend on following 'a', 'n'
will depend on preceding 'a', and 'd' will depend on final 'a'. The '.m'
always depends on proceeding vowel.
When it comes to pronouncing double consonants, the first consonant that
is without vowel depends on the vowel that precedes it. So 'ik'. Then
add 'khu'. Try pronouncing 'ik-khu' 'ik-khu'for some time and then add
'bh' at the beginning. It should be o.k. Take note that 'k' in 'ik' is
Good Luck and Be Happy
N.B. In pali language, it is important to practice than to pronounce.
You may pronounce karu.naa as khaarunaa, but if you are compassionate,
nobody pronounced better than you.